This agreement replaces all other written or written agreements or policies relating to the purpose of this agreement and constitutes full acceptance by the parties of the purpose of this agreement. This agreement constitutes the whole agreement between the parties with respect to the purpose of this agreement. This agreement (including all exhibitions and schedules) represents the total agreement of the parties. We have been working with them for many years (we have translated more than 400). The clause, called a „comprehensive agreement” or merger clause or integration clause, is one of those easy-to-find clauses at the end of contracts written in English. „This contract represents the entire contract of the parties with respect to the purpose of this treaty.” „This contract (including its appendices and attached documents) is the full approval of the parties who sign it.” We can translate this term as „Full Agreement,” „Full Agreement” or „Integrity of the Agreement.” In the event of a conflict or different interpretation of the contract or any of its clauses, a court may obtain documents or statements exchanged by the parties during the negotiation phase in order to settle the dispute. If you want to learn more about Anglo-Saxon contracts, sign up for the VIP waiting list for our contract law course. We will open in January and the seats will fly. Sometimes these clauses are longer and explicitly state that, in the case of other previous agreements or contracts signed by the parties on the same subject, they become invalidated, because the content of this new contract must prevail over everything they have agreed beforehand.
As in this example, we will only remember that this is a series of frequently used model clauses, which are usually at the end of the contract and are intended to regulate a number of general or standardized problems. Professor Carrasco (civil law lessons. The right to obligations and contracts in general, Ed. Tecnos, p. 150), notes that „this clause does not allow for the choice of means of interpretation of the document, so that the concept of transaction excluded as an object that can be interpreted is an act before those that must be taken into account in the interpretation of the treaty.” One of them is the clauses of the boil platform, and these, which we are going to talk about today, are one of them. But although they go all the way, many of them are very important and their formulation is not always easy to understand. It should be noted, however, that the parties in the Anglo-Saxon countries (particularly England and Wales) have more freedom to agree and, above all, to limit their responsibility. In our country and in other countries in our legal environment, the effectiveness of these clauses may not be the same. The Anglo-Saxon contracts are very similar to those of Spanish, but they have some peculiarities.