The main global climate policy forum, COP-24 of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will begin on 3 December in Katowice, Poland. The 14th session of the Kyoto Protocol Parties` Meeting was held simultaneously (CMP 14). The main objective of the summit was to reach an international agreement on the establishment of an action plan for the implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement. Towards the end of the first week, Kelley Kizzier, co-host of the discussions, said at a secondary event: „I think we`re starting to see some landing zones [for the deal], but it`s still bubbling.” In the end, this should not be the case and the whole section has been deferred to COP25. When the Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015, much to the delight of all delegates, it was clear that this success would bring even more difficult work. Negotiations would last another three years. This is the time that negotiators have set aside for the development of the Katowice regulatory framework – a precise and detailed agreement under which the Paris Agreement will be implemented in a manner that is fair to all parties. The Paris agreement stipulates that such trade should be „consistent with the guidelines,” but does not rule it out if there are no guidelines, Keohane argues. He adds that this was deliberately formulated so that voluntary market mechanisms against attempts to sabotage a rules agreement would make voluntary market mechanisms „safe for Brazil” voluntary „Brazilian” market mechanisms. In the absence of an agreement, the discussions were instead postponed to next year`s COP25 in Chile.
The COP24 decision on Article 6 is as follows: „The draft decision-making texts on these issues in the President`s proposal have been considered, but… The parties have not reached a consensus on this issue. When delegates adopted the 2015 Paris Agreement with great enthusiasm and emotion, it was clear that further details needed to be negotiated on how the agreement should be implemented in a transparent and equitable manner for all. It was also agreed that the commitments should cover a „common timetable” from 2031, the number of years to be agreed at a later date. Some current commitments cover five years, while others cover 10 years. Carbon Brief followed the negotiating texts throughout the session in an open access table. This records the number of pages of text in each iteration, the number of hooks – which indicate areas of disagreement – and the number of different „options” that are still on the table. The agreement reached at COP24 is the result of in-depth technical discussions and political compromises. Katowice`s legislation covers the following topics: Mitigation – A compromise text has been drawn up on the issue of mitigation, taking into account the common interests of developing and developed countries. This text builds on the strong commitments that the „supposed” discourse has made with regard to the necessary information (ICTU) and the principles for monitoring the progress of national contributions (NDC). The text of the decision contains detailed requirements for communication and monitoring of the progress made by the NDCs, which apply to all contracting parties. Commitments depend on the nature of the NPNs and not on the level of development of the country concerned.
The creation of a common communication and progress monitoring platform for CNN will allow for a better understanding and aggregation of NDCs. With regard to the examination of the positions of nearly 200 parties, it is not easy to reach agreement on such a complex and technical document. In these circumstances, every step forward has been a great success – said Michael Kurtyka, President of COP24.