The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan has warned that a peace deal could risk the Taliban`s return to power, as did the 1973 Paris peace agreement, which defeated the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese government in the Sigons case.   Pakistan warned that rising tensions in the Gulf region following the assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani could affect the already delayed peace process between the United States and Afghanistan.  India. New Delhi is a strong supporter of the Afghan government and has provided $3 billion since 2001 for infrastructure development and business maintenance in Afghanistan. Its main objectives are to minimize Pakistan`s influence and prevent Afghanistan from becoming a haven for anti-Independence activists. The Indian government did not reject U.S. efforts to reach an agreement with the Taliban and refused to legitimize the group as a political actor. Two peace agreements have been signed to date: an agreement between the Afghan government of President Ashraf Ghani and the militant group Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin on 22 September 2016 and a conditional agreement between the United States and the Taliban, February 29, 2020 calling for the withdrawal of U.S. troops within 14 months if the Taliban comply with the terms of the agreement.   Since September 2020, talks have been under way in Doha between representatives of the Afghan state and the Taliban.
Continued violence on both sides remains an obstacle to a final peace agreement. During the preliminary talks, the Taliban continued to fight on the battlefield and launched terrorist attacks in the capital and also threatened the 2019 Afghan presidential elections on September 28.  According to U.S. Air Force statistics released in February 2020, the United States dropped more bombs on Afghanistan in 2019 than in 2013.  Ideological differences have created problems, especially human rights. The 2004 Afghan Constitution protects women`s rights, such as language and education, as well as freedom of the press, including freedom of expression, both oppressed under the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Khalilzad, Ghani, Abdullah and several other senior Afghan officials all said that these rights should be protected   and not sacrificed in a peace agreement.  Afghanistan`s first lady, Rula Ghani, is committed to protecting women`s rights.  Afghan journalists have called for the press to be protected in all possible peace agreements.
 Al Qaeda, an international terrorist network, fled to Afghanistan on the condition that it did not irritate the United States, but Osama bin Laden rejected the agreement in 1998 when he orchestrated bombings of U.S. embassies in East Africa. The episode was indicative of the tensions that have on the day between the two groups. The Taliban were basically parochists, while Al Qaeda was targeting global jihad.  On 27 March 2020, the Afghan government announced the creation of a 21-member negotiating team for the peace talks. On March 29, the Taliban rejected the team on the grounds that „we will only be sitting in talks with a negotiating team that respects our agreements and is formed according to established principles.”  On 31 March 2020, a three-member Taliban delegation arrived in Kabul to discuss the release of the prisoners.  They are the first Taliban representatives to visit Kabul since 2001.  The Afghan government had also agreed to conduct the talks at Bagram prison.  However, on the same day, the Afghan government announced that the Taliban`s refusal to accept a new ceasefire and the Taliban delegation`s refusal to appear in prison on the scheduled date had both led to the postponement of the prisoner exchange.
   After the arrival of the Taliban delegation, a senior Afghan government official told the Reuters news agency that „the release of the prisoners could take place in a few days, if all goes according to plan.”  Between April 29 and May 3, 2019, the Afghan government organized a four-day loya-jirga to discuss peace talks.